In the Tupi-Guarani* language, the processed cassava is called tipioca. Tipi means residue and ok (not O.K.) means to squeeze out. This describes how the starch is produced—by steeping the crushed root fibers in water and squeezing out the liquid. Spanish and Portuguese traders transposed the word to tapioca. TRIVIA: The milky, bitter liquid (yare) squeezed out of the pulp is poisonous, and was used to make poisonous darts.
*The Tupi-Guarani are one of the main indigenous ethnic groups of Brazil. It is believed that they first settled in the Amazon rainforest, but spread southward beginning about 2,900 years ago to gradually occupy the Atlantic coast of what is now Brazil.
This recipe couldn’t be easier. Just bring the ingredients to a boil and let stand for 15 minutes. The recipe, made by our mom, is adapted from The Fanny Farmer Cookbook.
Tapioca Pudding Recipe Ingredients
2 tablespoons quick-cooking tapioca
1/4 cup white or brown sugar
1/4 teaspoon salt
2 cups whole milk
1/2 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
Optional: for chocolate tapioca, add 1/4 cup cocoa powder and 1 tablespoon butter to Step 2
Optional: for coconut tapioca, add 1/4 cup shredded coconut to Step 2
Optional: for coffee tapioca, add 2 teaspoons instant coffee to Step 2
Optional garnish: whipped cream or a dab of jelly or preserves
Tapioca Pudding Preparation
1. Break egg into a medium saucepan and beat with a fork (just enough to blend the white and yolk).
2. Add tapioca, sugar, salt and milk. Stir over moderate heat until the pudding boils.
3. Remove from heat; let stand 15 minutes. The pudding stiffens as it cools.
4. Stir in vanilla; pour into serving bowl or individual ramekins or goblets. Refrigerate for several hours or until ready to serve.
1. For a fluffier tapioca pudding, separate the egg and cook the yolk with the pudding. Beat the white until stiff, beat in 1 tablespoon of sugar and fold into the finished pudding.
2. Tapioca pudding can be baked. Add 1 tablespoon butter to Step 2, pour into a buttered baking dish and bake for 45 minutes at 325°F.
Find more pudding recipes in our Gourmet Desserts Section.