April is the end of the season for the sweet little mandarins called Halos. We have been enjoying them by the bagful, and in addition to flavor and nutrition, they keep us from eating refined-sugar snacks.
They deserve their halo!
WHAT ARE HALOS?
The fruit aisle can be confusing. Depending on the store, you can find clementines, Cuties, Halos, Dimples, tangerines and mandarin “oranges” (mandarins are not oranges, but a different species—more about that in a minute).
Welcome to the world of single serving, easy to peel, sweet and juicy—and branded—citrus.
Halos, Cuties and Sweeties are mandarins from California, different brand names for what are often clementines.
Don’t call them mandarin oranges: While both are from the genus Citrus, mandarins are a different species, just as broccoli and cabbage, both members of the genus Brassica, are different species.
Here’s the difference (Produce Pete and Wikipedia take note!).
From a visual perspective:
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT NAMES ALL ABOUT?
Why the different names? Branding! The names are not varieties, but trademarked names, encouraging the consumer to look specifically for Cuties or Halos.
Now for a twist:
Like oranges, mandarins are very versatile. The first thing anyone would think of is hand fruit. The term refers to fruits small enough to eat from the palm of your hand, such as apples, pears and stone fruits—but not pineapples or other fruits that need to be cut up.
But why stop there? Use luscious mandarins:
Thanks to Etienne Rabe, Vice President, Agronomy, for Wonderful Citrus, for this history of mandarins:
It’s difficult to pinpoint the exact origin of the name, but we know that mandarins were grown for many centuries in China. The first mandarin tree was brought to England from China in 1805, and its progeny went from England to Malta, then to Sicily and continental Italy.
Little information is available about mandarins in Chinese literature, but as far back as 1178 C.E., Chinese author Han Yen-chih described 27 different varieties of mandarins.
The clementine originated in North Africa and made their way to Morocco in the 1960s and Spain in the 1970s. Spain started exporting them to the East Coast of the U.S. in the 1990s.
The murcott variety was bred in Morocco and introduced to the U.S. in the mid-1990s.
As imported clementines became popular, American citrus growers saw the potential of the fruit…and how lucky we are!