Streusel, Crumble Topping Recipe | The Nibble Webzine Of Food Adventures - The Nibble Webzine Of Food Adventures Streusel, Crumble Topping Recipe | The Nibble Webzine Of Food Adventures
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TIP OF THE DAY: Make A Streusel (Crumble, Crisp) Topping

A crumb or crumble topping—a.k.a. streusel—is a stroke of genius, says chef Johnny Gnall. A few basic ingredients, mashed together by hand and popped into the oven, results in a sweet, rich, crumbly voluptuousness that’s wonderful with any number of sweets. It’s a low fuss, crowd-pleasing dessert topping that can really dress things up.

Crumble topping, known in German as streusel (SHTROY-zul,) is a crumb topping of butter, flour and sugar; it can contain chopped nuts or rolled oats. The word derives from the German “streuen,” meaning to sprinkle or scatter. Streusel is used as a topping for a variety of pies, fruit crisps, cakes and pastries, most notably coffee cakes. A pie with a streusel topping is sometimes referred to as a “crumble pie.”

A cobbler is the British term for a crisp. Here are the related desserts: betty, buckle, crumble, grunt, pandowdy, slump, etc.

The best thing about a crumble topping is its versatility.

  • Sprinkle it over vanilla ice cream to make a reverse “à la mode.”
  • Drop it onto plain yogurt for a breakfast—healthier than a breakfast pastry.
  • Top baked apples or pears.
  • Munch on it plain, instead of a cookie, cake or pie.
    Apple crumble with ice cream. Get the recipe. Photo courtesy Betty Crocker.
  • And of course, there’s the classic use, the fruit crumble—a crustless or one-crust fruit pie (that also can be made in single-serving ramekins). Just toss thinly sliced apples in some melted butter with cinnamon and sugar, spread evenly in a pie pan, top with the raw crumble topping, and bake. With the crumble on top, you won’t even miss the crust.

    In this recipe, made with whole wheat flour and golden brown sugar, oats add a pleasant heartiness—plus, they’re a second whole grain. You can substitute white flour and hold the oats; but you’ll get much more flavor as shown.

    Crumble Ingredients

  • 3/4 cup whole wheat flour
  • 1/2 cup golden brown sugar
  • 1/4 cup granulated sugar
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground allspice
  • 8 tablespoons chilled, unsalted butter, cut into 1/2-inch cubes
  • 1/2 cup old-fashioned oats
    Depending on how you plan to use the crumble, you’ll also need apples, pie filling, etc. While we’d much rather cook our own fruit than use even the best pie filling, most people—including kids—like it under a crumble topping.
    1. Combine the ingredients in a large bowl. Mix together with your fingers, pinching the butter into the dry mix until it forms balls the size of a pea.

    2. Once all of the dry mix is incorporated into the butter, spread out on a cookie sheet or baking tray topped with a piece of parchment paper. Bake at 350°F for 30 minutes. For a crispier crumble you can bake longer, but you may prefer it on the softer side, especially with baked apples.


    Crisp. A crisp is a deep-dish fruit dessert made with a crumb or streusel topping and baked. A betty is a crisp topped with buttered bread crumbs or bread pieces instead of streusel; “brown” (as in apple brown betty) refers to the brown sugar in the recipe.

    Crumble. Crumble is the British term for a crisp.

    Cobbler. A cobbler topping is different from a crisp or crumble, which has a crumb topping. Shortcake batter or biscuit dough is dropped onto the fruit before baking. The dish got its name because the lumps of cooked dough resembled cobblestones. Related desserts include a grunt, which is a spoon pie with biscuit dough on top of stewed fruit (fruit which is steamed, not baked); a pandowdy, a spoon pie with a rolled top crust that is broken up to allow the juices to come through; and a slump, a spoon pie topped with biscuit dough or pie crust, which can be baked or steamed, and can be made upside down.

    Learn your pie and pastry types in our Pie Glossary.


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