Potatoes originated in Peru, where numerous varieties were cultivated including the stunning purple variety in the photo. Today, there are more than 4,000 varieties of potatoes worldwide, classified into two main groups:
Waxy potatoes hold their shape when cooked, and are used for potato salad and potato dishes.
Floury potatoes have a crumbly texture, and are mostly used for baked potatoes.
If you’d like to know more about the different types of potatoes, plus a history of potatoes and how they’re cultivated—see our Potato Glossary, the newest of our almost-80 food glossaries.