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Cookies Glossary: A Glossary Of The Different Cookies Types

Page 2: Terms Beginning With C

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  Chocolate Chip Cookies
If you need a gluten-free chocolate chip cookie, turn to French Meadow Bakery. Photo by Hannah Kaminsky | THE NIBBLE.
After the fall of Rome, food was scarce; much of the culinary culture was lost. The Renaissance reclaimed lost cooking arts. Biscotti, a portable Roman biscuit for travelers, reappeared in a new form in the Tuscany region of Italy. Known as cantucci di Prato, the biscuits were flavored with almonds from region’s almond groves. They became a staple in the cities of Florence and Prato and spread throughout the Italian peninsula. As the Roman Legions had appreciated the long storage ability and lightweight portability, so did the soldiers, sailors and fisherman of the Renaissance. But rather than the pallid, dry biscuits of nourishment served in Ancient Rome, Italian bakers put their culinary gifts to work. Biscotti became so popular that every province developed its own flavored version. See biscotti.


A large round cookie with a light, crisp texture, made with almond powder, almond extract, flour and lard. A whole almond is pressed into the center.


A drop cookie originally filled with semisweet chocolate chips. Today the chips can be white chocolate, milk chocolate, butterscotch, cherry, mint or peanut butter, as shown in the photo; and the cookie can be chocolate-flavored as well. Read the history of the chocolate chip cookie.
A chocolate chip cookie that uses larger, rectangular chocolate chunks instead of smaller, drop-shaped chocolate chips.


  Chocolate Peanut Butter Chip Cookie
Chocolate Peanut Butter Chip Cookies from Solomon’s Cookies.
A chubby is a hybrid of a cookie and a brownie. Delicious Chubby Wubby cookies are available from


One of a variety of specialty cookies made for the holidays, many festively decorated. Gingerbread was likely the first U.S.-made Christmas cookie. See our collection of Christmas butter cookie recipes.


Some people call meringues filled with chocolate chips “cloud cookies.” Other cookies by this name have a standard flour, butter, eggs, sugar, vanilla and baking powder recipe and produce a cookie with a cracked surface. Some are chocolate cookies, others have chocolate chips.


  Chocolate Chubby
Chocolate chubbies from
A cookie is a small, sweet, flat, dry cake: a single-serving finger food. It is generally flour based, but can be flourless—made from egg whites and/or almonds like macaroons, for example—or made from gluten-free flour, such as rice flour. Cookies can be soft, chewy or crisp. They can be big or small, plain or fancy. They can be simple—butter and sugar—or complex, with a multitude of ingredients, or fashioned into cookie sandwiches—two cookies with a filling. Cookies started out long ago as an oven regulator to see if the temperature was ready to bake a cake. In The Netherlands, this test cake was called a koekje, “little cake” in Dutch (a cake is koek). The concept evolved to small, individual portions, which were baked to create the dry, hard-textured cookies we know today. With the moisture removed, cookies stayed fresh much longer than cake. According to The Oxford Companion to Food, the term “cookie” first appeared in print around 1703. Read the history of cookies.


A cookie sundae. Photo courtesy Kodiak Cakes.

Not a cookie but a children’s breakfast cereal intended to taste like chocolate chip cookies with milk. Resist the pressure to serve your children cookies for breakfast.

Dutch and German immigrants to the U.S. introduced cookie cutters, decorative molds and festive holiday decorations.

See press cookie.


This copper Christmas tree cookie cutter from Old River Road is available at

A dough similar to chocolate chip cookie dough with rolled oats, laden with semisweet chocolate chips and flaked coconut. Liz Lovely makes delicious cowboy cookies that are organic and vegan.


A bite-size dome-shaped butter cookie made with, and dusted with powdered sugar. Key lime and lemon coolers are the most popular varieties. The recipe uses the zest of the citrus.


  Key Lime Coolers
Key Lime Coolers from Byrd’s Cookies, a NIBBLE Top Pick Of The Week.
A bar cookie that is a layer of shortbread topped with caramel and then a layer of nuts. Thus: almond crunch bar, hazelnut crunch bar, walnut crunch bar, etc.


A cookie shaped with a cookie cutter.

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  Crunch Bar
Crunch bars. Photo courtesy Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board.
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Last Updated  May 2018

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